Nkulumane Constituency Profile

Nkulumane constituency biography

Nkulumane is a constituency in Bulawayo province. Nkulumane is named after one of King Mzilikazi’s sons who was heir apparent to the Bulawayo state. Although he was eventually peeped to the throne by brother, Lobengula, he is credited with the creation of the Ndebele State of Bulawayo. The constituency is one of the 12 constituencies in the province. Nkulumane consists of Nkulumane 1-12 suburbs, Emganwinini, Belleview, Kelvin West and East. There are 3 wards in the constituency, that is, ward 20, 22 and 23. The constituency is located to the west of Bulawayo province. It shares borders with Nketa, Pumula and Pelandaba constituencies.

Why the by election?

The by election in Nkulumane constituency was necessitated by the passing away of Thamsanqa Mahlangu on October 5, 2015. In accordance with section 39(2) of the Electoral Act gazette the President proclaimed  19th of December 2015 as the date on which a by-election to elect the Member of Parliament for Nkulumane. This is line with constitutional provision Section 158 (3) relating to polling in by-elections being held within 90 days after the vacancy occurs. Furthermore Section 159 of the constitution of Zimbabwe mandates responsible authorities to ensure the holding of the election.

Who shall contest?

 Friday the 6th of November 2015 at the Magistrate’s Court, Tredgold, Leopold Takawira Avenue, Bulawayo, was the date and the place at which a nomination court sat in terms of Section 46 of the Electoral Act (Chapter 2:13) to receive nominations of candidates for election for the constituency of Nkulumane. The Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) has published the names of Killian Sibanda (Zanu-PF), Sibusisiwe Mpofu (RDZ[1]) and Ngwalo Nyathi (PDZ[2]) as the nominees for the Nkulumane by-election.

Voter registration

The polling station based voter registration will be implemented in Nkulumane[3] as ZEC prepares to roll it out throughout the country. The ZEC conducted mobile voter registration in Nkulumane in November 2015. The registration process was conducted between the 9th to the 18th of November 2015.

[1] Renewed Democrats of Zimbabwe

[2] People’s Democrats of Zimbabwe

What to expect

 The election will have little contest as major opposition parties have boycotted the by election. They have demanded that there must be electoral reform before any elections are conducted.

Understanding Nkulumane demographics

The Constituency has a total population of 57 976. Of these 29 263 are females, constituting 50.5% of the population.

Electoral history

 The constituency was created in in 1990. Since 2000, it has been dominated by the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Gibson Sibanda, then vice president of the party, won the constituency consecutively in 2000 and 2005. After the party split in 2005, Sibanda lost the constituency to Thamsanqa Mahlangu in 2008. Mahlangu retained the seat in 2013. Sibanda amassed 39.3% of the vote in 2000, while in 2013 he had 26.2% reflecting a 13.1% decline. Mahlangu in 2008 got 31% of the vote while in 2013 he had 23.9% of the vote representing a 9.4% decrease in support.

There was a marked decline in the number of registered voters in the constituency from 2000 to 2005 of 5% and from 2005 to 2008 with 19% while from 2008 to 2013 there was 2% increase in the number of registered voters. As of 2013, the constituency had 29430 registered voters.

Parliamentary Results since 2000

 

Year Candidate Political Party Number of Votes Reg Voters Total Vote

Cast

% Cast
2000 Gibson Sibanda

Dumiso Dabengwa

MDC

ZANU PF

20380

3644

 

51911

 

24788

48
2005 Gibson Sibanda

Absolom Sikhosana

MDC

ZANU PF

12392

3243

 

47229

 

15742

33
2008 Mabusa Doubt

Mahlangu Tamsanqa

Ncube Ophar

Sibanda Gibson Jamar

 

Independent

MDC-T

ZANU PF

MDC

416

3976

1163

2732

 

27442

 

8509

 

31

2013 Dube Memorial

Mahlangu Tamsanqa

Mathe Ong Nkosana

Ncube Matshobana

Ncube Rhodah

Ndlovu      David

 

ZAPU

MDC-T

MKD

MDC

FZC

ZANU PF

335

7045

37

1404

43

2494

 

29430

 

11490

 

39

Zimbabwe. Among the parties boycotting is the major opposition MDC-T, the MDC, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) and Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU). Judging by the previous June 10, 2015 by elections in Bulawayo constituency, low voter turnout and incident free election is expected.

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